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景观设计常用尺寸

一、人行道
One, sidewalk
人行道宽:不小于1m,并按照0.5的倍级递增。
The sidewalk is wide: no less than 1m, and increasing at 0.5 times.
小区路:6m-9m
District Road: 6m-9m
组团路:3m-5m
Group road: 3m-5m
宅间小路:>2.5m
Inter - house path: >2.5m
园路,人行道坡道宽:1.2m
Garden Road, sidewalk ramp wide: 1.2m
轮椅通过:W≥1.50m
The wheelchair by: W = 1.50M
轮椅交错:W≥1.80m
W = 1.80m: staggered wheelchair
二、消防
Two. Fire fighting
1.消防车道宽度不应小于4m。转弯半径不应小于9~10m,重型消防车不应小于12m,穿过建筑物门洞时其净高不应小于4m,供消防车操作的场地坡度不宜大于3%。
1. the width of the fire lane should not be less than 4m. Turning radius should not be less than 9~10m, the heavy fire truck should not be less than 12M, the height of buildings through the door should not be less than 4m, not for the fire operation of the slope is greater than 3%.
2.高层建筑的周围应设有环形消防车道。当设环形消防车道困难时,可沿高层建筑俩个长边设置消防车道。
2. the circular fire lane should be set around the high-rise buildings. When it is difficult to set a ring fire lane, the fire lane can be set up along the two long sides of the high-rise building.
3.消防车道距高层建筑外墙宜大于5m,消防车道上空4m范围内不应有障碍物。
3. the outside wall of the fire lane is more than 5m, and there should be no obstacles in the 4m range above the fire lane.
4.小区内尽端式道路不宜大于120m,应设置不小于12m*12m消防回车场。(考虑到车行方便,及景观效果一般尽端路超过35m,设回车场)。回车场模式见下图(m)。
4. the end type road in the district should not be greater than 120m, and it should be set up not less than 12m*12m. (considering the convenience of the car and the car, and the landscape effect is generally as far as the end of the road is over 35m, set up a return car). The return field mode is shown in the following figure (m).
5.尽端式消防车道应设回车道或回车场。多层建筑群回车场面积不应小于12m*12m,高层建筑回车场面积不宜小于15m*15m,供大型消防车的回车场不宜小于18m*18m。
5. the fire lane of the end type should be set back to the driveway or the return yard. The entry area of multi story building group should not be less than 12m*12m, and the area of high building return yard should not be less than 15m*15m. The return yard for large fire trucks should not be less than 18m*18m.
“L”形
"L" shape
“T”形
"T" shape
“O”形
"O" shape
注:图中下限值适用于小汽车(车长5m,最小转弯半径6m);上限值适用于大汽车(车长8~9m,最小转弯半径10m)
Note: the figure in the lower limit for the car (car 5m, minimum turning radius of 6m); the upper limit for large car (car 8~9m, minimum turning radius of 10m)
三、车道
Three, driveway
1.道路宽度
1. road width
1.1居住区级道路:红线宽度不宜小于20m。
1.1 Residential District Road: the width of the red line should not be less than 20m.
1.2 小区级道路:路面宽6.0~9.0m;建筑控制线之间的宽度,需敷设供热管线的不宜小于14m;无供热管线的不宜小于10m;
1.2, residential road: the road width is 6 ~ 9.0m; the width between the building control lines, the heating pipeline should not be less than 14m, and the no heating pipeline should not be less than 10m.
1.3 组团路:路面宽3m-5m;建筑控制线之间的宽度,需敷设供热管线的不宜小于10m;无供热管线的不宜小于8m;
The 1.3 group road: the width of the pavement is 3m-5m; the width between the control lines of the building should not be less than 10m for laying the heating line, and the non heating pipeline should not be less than 8m;
1.4 宅间小路:路面宽不宜小于2.5m;
1.4 room path: the width of the pavement should not be less than 2.5m;
1.5 双车道:W=6.0~9.0m(场地主干道双车道宽度,小型车双车道最小宽6米,大型车双车道最小宽7米)
1.5 double lane: W = 6 ~ 9.0m (double lane width of main road, minimum width of two lanes of small car 6 meters, and a minimum width of 7 meters in two lanes in a large car)
单车道: W=3.5~4m;(车道兼具回车通道作用,应按照停车场标准设计车道宽度)
Single road: W = 3.5~4m; (driveway also has the function of return passage, design lane width according to the standard of parking lot)
2.转弯半径
2. turning radius
机动车最小转弯半径:(道路内路牙最小半径)
Minimum turning radius of a motor vehicle: (the minimum radius of the road in the road)
6.0m:车长不超过5米的三轮车、小型车。
6.0m: length of less than 5 meters, the small car tricycle.
9.0m:车长6-9米的一般二轴载重汽车、中型车。
9.0m: length 6-9 meters two axle truck, medium truck.
12.0m:车长10米以上的的铰接车、大型货车、大型客车等大型车。
12.0m: length 10 meters above the articulated vehicles, large trucks, buses and other large vehicles.
基地出入口转弯半径应适量加大。
The turning radius of the base of the base should be increased in proper amount.
3.道路纵坡
3. Road Longitudinal Slope
3.1居住区道路纵坡控制坡度(%)
Control slope of the longitudinal slope of road in 3.1 residential area (%)
注:
Note:
1.摘自《城市居住区规范设计规范》(GB 50180—93)(2002年版)
1. from the standard design specification for urban residential area (GB 50180 - 93) (2002 Edition)
2.L为坡长
2.L is the length of slope
3.2在地形坡度较大的个别困难地段,道路纵坡极限值不宜大于11%,其坡长不大于80m,路面应由防滑措施。
3.2 in some difficult areas with large terrain slope, the limit value of road longitudinal slope should not be more than 11%, and its slope length is not more than 80m, and the pavement should be anti slip measures.
4.道路横坡
4. road cross slope
机动车、非机动车道路横向坡为1.5%~2.5%。
The road lateral slope of motor vehicle and non motor vehicle is 1.5%~2.5%.
人行道横坡为1.0%~2.0%
The horizontal slope of the sidewalk is 1.0%~2.0%
5.道路与建筑物间距
5. distance between roads and buildings
道路边缘至建、构筑物的最小距离(m)表
The minimum distance (m) of the road edge to the construction and structure
注:
Note:
1.摘自《城市居住区规范设计规范》(GB 50180—93)(2002年版)
1. from the standard design specification for urban residential area (GB 50180 - 93) (2002 Edition)
2.居住区道路的边缘指红线;小区路、组团路及宅间小路边缘之路面边线;当小区设有人行便道时,其道路边缘指便道边缘。
2., the edge of the residential road is red line; the side line of the road on the edge of the small road, the group road and the house road; when the district has a pedestrian row, the road edge refers to the sidewalk edge.
3.建、构筑物无组织排水,则为散水边缘至道路边缘。
3. buildings and structures without drainage, for road edge to edge water.
四、停车场
Four. Parking lot
1.停车场位置
1. parking lot
停车场宜设置在行车方便、距建筑外墙面约6m,尽量不影响居民生活宁静和不影响景观环境地段。停车场出入口距离一级道路>50m
The parking lot should be set at the convenience of driving, about 6m from the exterior wall of the building, as far as possible does not affect the quiet life of the residents and does not affect the landscape environment. Level 1 road >50m for parking distance
2.停车位计算
2. parking space calculation
机动车停车场用地面积按照当量小汽车位数计算。停车场用地面积每个停车位为25~30㎡,停车位尺寸以2.5m*5.0m划分(地面划分尺寸)。
The area of the vehicle parking lot is calculated according to the equivalent number of cars. Parking lot parking spaces for each land area of 25~30 square meters, parking space size divided by 2.5m*5.0m (ground partition size).
3.出入口数量及尺寸
3. the number and size of the entrance
机动车停车车位指标大于50个时,出入口不得少于2个;机动车停车车位指标大于500个时,出入口不得少于3个;出入口之间净距须大于10m,出入口宽度不得少于7m,服务半径<150.0m­
When the vehicle parking lot index is greater than 50, the entry and exit shall not be less than 2; when the vehicle parking lot index is greater than 500, the entry and exit shall not be less than 3; the net spacing between the entry and exit must be greater than 10m, the width of the entry and exit shall not be less than 7m, and the service radius is <150.0m.
4.当量小汽车换算系数表
Conversion coefficient table of 4. equivalent car
注:本表摘自《汽车库建筑设计规范》JCJ100-98。
Note: this table is taken from the code for architectural design of the garage JCJ100-98.
5.停车场的停车方式
Parking mode of 5. parking lot
根据地形条件以占地面积小、疏散方便、保证安全为原则,主要停车方式有平行式、斜列式、垂直式三种。其中间最小距离以小型车为例,停车方式见下图
According to the terrain conditions in small area, convenient and safe evacuation principle, a parallel, diagonal, vertical three main parking mode. The minimum distance in the middle is taken as an example of a small car, and the parking mode is shown below
6.居住区内地面停车率
Ground parking rate in 6. residential area
(居住区内居民汽车的停车位数量与居住户数的比率)不宜超过10%;
(the ratio of the number of car parking numbers to the number of residential households in the residential area) should not exceed 10%;
7. 非机动车
7. non motor vehicle
自行车停放每个车位按1.5~1.8㎡,摩托车每隔车位为2.5~2.7㎡。
Bicycle parking spaces in each 1.5~1.8 square meters, motorcycle parking spaces for every 2.5~2.7 square meters.
五、踏步与无障碍坡道
Five, treadle and barrier free ramp
1.踏步
1. steps
1.踏步常用高度及宽度,H=0.12~0.15m,W=0.30m~0.35m;2H+W=60~65(cm)。
1. steps are commonly used in height and width, H = 0.12 to 0.15m, W = 0.30m to 0.35m; 2H+W=60~65 (CM).
2.可坐踏步: H=0.20~0.35m,W=0.40~0.60m。
2. can take a step: H = 0.20 to 0.35m, W = 0.40 to 0.60m.
3.连续踏步数最好不要超过18级,18级以上应在中间设休息平台,平台不小于1.20m。
3. the best step number of steps should not exceed 18 levels, more than 18 should be in the middle of the rest platform, the platform is not less than 1.20m.
2.坡道
2. ramp
最小净宽1.5米,平台最小净深2米。纵坡不大于2.5%
The minimum width of 1.5 meters, 2 meters deep minimum net platform. The longitudinal slope is not more than 2.5%
扶手:室外踏步级数超过了3级时,残障人轮椅使用扶手: H=0.68m\0.85m。
Armrest: the handicapped wheelchair uses the armrest: H = 0.68m\0.85m when the step of the step is over 3.
无障碍坡道高度和水平长度,最大高度(m)-1.50 ,1.00,0.75,0.60, 0.35,水平长度(m)- 30, 16,9, 6., 2。坡 度-1:20, 1:16 ,
Barrier free ramp height and horizontal length, maximum height (m) -1.50, 1, 0.75, 0.60, 0.35, horizontal length (m) - 30, 16, 9, 6., 2. The slope is -1:20, 1:16,

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