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园林工程施工管理的主要内容

园林工程施工管理的主要内容
Main contents of landscape engineering construction management
(一)工程管理
(1) Project management
对整个工程的全面组织管理,包括前期工程及施工过程的管理,其关键是施工速度。
The key to the overall organization and management of the whole project, including the management of the preliminary project and the construction process, is the construction speed.
重要环节:做好施工前的各种准备工作;编制工程计划;确定合理工期;拟定确保工期和施工质量的技术措施;通过各种图表及详细的日程计划进行合理的工程管理,并把施工中可能出现的问题纳入工程计划内,做好必要的防范工作。
Important links: make all kinds of preparation before construction; prepare project plan; determine reasonable construction period; draw up technical measures to ensure construction period and construction quality; carry out reasonable project management through various charts and detailed schedule plans, and incorporate possible problems in construction into project plan, and do necessary preventive work.
(二)质量管理
(2) Quality management
根据工程的质量特性决定质量标准。目的是保证施工产品的全优性,符合园林的景观及其他功能要求。根据质量标准对全过程进行质量检查监督,采用质量管理图及评价因子进行施工管理;对施工中所供应的物资材料要检查验收,搞好材料保管工作,确保质量。
The quality standard is determined according to the quality characteristics of the project. The purpose is to ensure the full superiority of construction products and meet the landscape and other functional requirements of the garden. According to the quality standards, the quality inspection and supervision of the whole process shall be carried out, and the construction management shall be carried out by using the quality management chart and evaluation factors; the materials supplied in the construction shall be inspected and accepted, and the material storage shall be done well to ensure the quality.
(三)安全管理
(3) Safety management
保证工程顺利施工和保证企业经济效益的重要环节。建立相应的安全管理组织,拟定安全管理规范,落实安全生产的具体措施,监督施工过程的各个环节。如发现问题,要及时采取必要的措施努力避免或减少损失,杜绝劳动伤害 。
It is an important link to ensure the smooth construction of the project and the economic benefits of the enterprise. Establish corresponding safety management organization, draw up safety management specification, implement specific measures of safety production, and supervise all links of construction process. If problems are found, necessary measures shall be taken in time to avoid or reduce losses and eliminate labor injuries.
(四)成本管理
(4) Cost management
施工管理的目的就是要以最低投人,获得最好最大的经济收入。为此在施工过程中应有成本概念,既要保证质量,符合工期,又要讲究经济效益。搞好预算管理,做好经济指标分析,大力降低工程成本,增加盈余。
The purpose of construction management is to get the best and largest economic income with the lowest investment. Therefore, there should be a concept of cost in the construction process, which should not only ensure the quality and meet the construction period, but also pay attention to the economic benefits. Do a good job in budget management, do a good job in the analysis of economic indicators, reduce the project cost and increase the surplus.
(五)劳务管理
(5) Labor management
工程施工应注意施工队伍的建设,特别是对施工人员的园林植物栽培管理技术的培训,除必要的劳务合同、后勤保障外,应做好劳动保险工作。加强职业的技术培训,采取有竞争性的奖励制度调动施工人员的积极性。与此同时,制定生产责任制,确定先进合理的劳动定额,保障职工利益,明确其施工责任。
Attention should be paid to the construction of construction team, especially the training of garden plant cultivation and management technology for construction personnel. Besides the necessary labor contract and logistic support, labor insurance should be done well. Strengthen professional technical training and adopt competitive reward system to mobilize the enthusiasm of construction personnel. At the same time, formulate the production responsibility system, determine the advanced and reasonable labor quota, protect the interests of workers and clarify their construction responsibilities.

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