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园林工程施工中需要注意哪些关键措施

园林工程施工中需要注意哪些关键措施?
What key measures should be paid attention to in landscape engineering construction?
1、施工前准备
1. Preparation before construction
第一,施工人员应积极与设计人员沟通,充分了解其设计理念和技术要求,在施工前必须熟悉设计图纸和有关文件,对施工中难点问题和可能出现的意外情况要提前准备好应对方案。
First, the construction personnel should actively communicate with the designers to fully understand the design concept and technical requirements. They must be familiar with the design drawings and relevant documents before the construction, and prepare the response plan for the difficult problems and possible accidents in the construction in advance.
第二,制定严格的施工组织设计,针对园林工程的规模大小应采用不同的组织形式,对于大型的园林工程,一般采用矩阵制,即从园林企业各部门中抽调出专门人员,这样便于让各部门与项目各个工序有机结合;对于小型的园林工程,则通常采用直线型组织形式,即整个组织是从上到下垂直指挥、统一领导,职责明确,有利于协调工作。
Secondly, strict construction organization design should be formulated. Different organization forms should be adopted according to the scale of landscape engineering. For large-scale landscape engineering, the matrix system is generally adopted, that is, the specialized personnel are extracted from each department of the garden enterprise, so as to organically combine each department with each process of the project; for small-scale landscape engineering, the linear organization form is usually adopted, That is to say, the whole organization has vertical command and unified leadership from top to bottom, with clear responsibilities, which is conducive to coordination.
第三,对使用的原材料和机械设备的质量要进行严格检查,一旦发现产品不合格,应禁止其进入施工现场,更不能将其用于园林工程建设中。施工单位必须严格按照设计图纸采购植物,并在植物进场前对植物的名称、数量、规格、产地和苗木检疫单进行审查。植物质量除要符合设计要求外,还须符合绿化规定条例中的质量要求。
Third, the quality of raw materials and mechanical equipment should be strictly checked. Once the products are found to be unqualified, they should not be allowed to enter the construction site, let alone used in the construction of landscape engineering. The construction unit must purchase plants in strict accordance with the design drawings, and review the name, quantity, specification, origin and seedling quarantine list of plants before the plants enter the site. The quality of plants should not only meet the design requirements, but also meet the quality requirements of greening regulations.

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